Digital Education in India

Digital Education in india

Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) INITIATIVES

Digital Infrastructure – e-Learning

DIKSHA is the national platform for school education available for all states and the central government for grades 1 to 12 and was launched in September 2017. DIKSHA can be accessed through a web-portal and mobile application. DIKSHA provides access to a large number of curriculum-linked e-content through several use cases and solutions such as QR coded Energized Textbooks (ETBs), courses for teachers, quizzes, and others. As of July 2020, it is estimated that over 60 crore ETBs are being Printed.

As part of PM eVidya announced under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat program, DIKSHA is the ‘one nation; one digital platform’ for school education in India. DIKSHA is being transformed into a platform for diverse and rich curriculum-linked e-content requirements of learners and teachers for all states/UTs accessible across digital devices (laptop/mobile/desktop/tablets, TV, and radio) in order to have the coherence of access and learning experience.

At the same time, DIKSHA is designed to inherently support states/UTs to exercise autonomy, independence, and choice to craft and run learning programs to suit their needs and achieve their goals, by using solutions, tools, and data on the platform.

In April 2020 Vidya Daan was launched as a national content contribution program that leverages the DIKSHA platform and tools to seek and allow contribution/donation of e-learning resources for school education by educational bodies, private bodies, and individual experts. Further details of DIKSHA are provided later in this report.

Swayam Prabha DTH channels are meant to support and reach those who do not have access to the internet. 32 channels are devoted to telecasting high-quality educational programs by the MHRD. Channels are earmarked for school education and higher education separately. Provision is made for the telecast of live interactive sessions on these channels with experts from home through Skype. The Department of School Education and Literacy also tied up with private DTH operators like Tata Sky & Airtel to air educational video content to enhance the reach of these channels. Coordination with the States of India has been undertaken to share air time (4 hrs daily) of the 5 existing SWAYAM PRABHA channels to telecast their education-related content. Soon, the number of TV channels for school education will increase from 5 to 12 to transform into ‘one class, one channel’, that is, one channel each for all grades from 1 to 12. To ensure coherent access through multimodal delivery, the same content will be organized by chapter & topics on DIKSHA to ensure asynchronous usage by anyone, anytime, anywhere.

Radio broadcasting is being used for children in remote areas who are not online (especially for grades 1 to 5). The broadcasts focus on activity-based-learning. 289 Community Radio Stations have also been used to broadcast content for NIOS for grades 9 to 12. A Podcast called Shiksha Vani of the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) is being effectively used by learners of grades 9 to12. Shiksha Vani contains over 430 pieces of audio content for all subjects of grades 1 to 12.

The e-textbooks can be accessed using the e-Pathshala web portal and mobile app (Android, iOS, Windows), by students, teachers, teacher educators, and parents. More than 600 digital books including 377 e-textbooks (grades 1 to 12) and 3,500 pieces of audio and video content of NCERT are available in the public domain in various languages (Hindi, English, Sanskrit, and Urdu).

NCERT has uploaded over 4,500 pieces of content on DIKSHA inclusive of video content, interactive resources, audio content, and also content for Children with Special Needs. 200+ NCERT books have been QR coded with content tagged to it from DIKSHA. NCERT is also working on translation and development of high-quality content which can be delivered across all channels, including TV, to ensure coherent access of content. In addition to this, NISHTHA training modules are also being brought on to DIKSHA, which can subsequently be used by all States and UTs.

CBSE has been taking digital initiatives at various levels of education. The Board has been exhorting its schools to set up at least one classroom for each classroom equipped with technology to enable usage of digital instruction materials in the classroom so that students can have better exposure to technology. Schools are encouraged to use ICT enabled teaching and progressively move to enable each classroom with technology for usage of digital materials in the classroom. Recently CBSE advised schools to use digital education as suggested in the Alternative Calendar published by NCERT. The Board itself has switched over to digital mode in its daily functioning using the e-office platform of the Government of India and the organization of all of its meetings digitally.

The various steps, both online and offline, taken by States/UTs to facilitate remote learning for students

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

• The broadcast of radio classes for Class V to VII started from 21st April, 2020, later Class II to IV was also added from 11th May, 2020.

• One hour slot (9 am to 10 am) every day except Sundays is provided to the broadcast of classes.

• Initially relayed only on AM 684 KHz., and later was also broadcasted through the local FM channel 100.9 MHz, which

covered the entire South Andaman district.

• All the major subjects like English, Hindi, EVS, Social and Science are covered by the teachers.

• Special efforts are made by the teachers to develop the contents for the easy and better understanding of students in Primary Classes.

• Doubt clearing session on every Saturday.

• Special feature “Kitabon Se Parey Ki Rochak Duniya” which covers various topics like GK, Scientific facts, Moral Education, Computer knowledge etc. has been introduced every once a week on Saturdays

. • The videos recorded for the tele-classes are also uploaded on the YouTube channel “AN Education Dept Andaman”.

• The students who have missed any classes on Television or want to see the classes again will have an opportunity to view such videos online sitting at their home.

• More than 50 videos have been uploaded on various subjects.

• Good response from the students and there are hundreds of views on the channel.

• Tele-Quiz and Tele-poster competitions are conducted.

• WhatsApp groups are formed by teachers for students.

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ANDHRA PRADESH

The initiatives are as follows

• T.V Lessons

• Radio Lessons

• YouTube Channel for SCERT

• Webinar Based ICT Training

• Abhyasa APP for teachers and students.

• E-Content at finger tips for students

• Bridge course to primary school students through T.V

• Toll free Call centre to students for clearing their doubts

• Creation of WhatsApp Groups for sending 10th class model paper

• Facebook live training program.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

The various initiatives were

  • Radio School
  • Online classes were available on TV channels
  • Live classes through EDUSAT

CHANDIGARH

• It is based on technology to assess the Learning Outcomes and covers the students from class 1 to 8.

• Subject Assessed : All Subjects

• This program is accessible via both Mobile App & Web Portal

• Teachers, Heads of School and Monitoring Teams monitor and track the progress of learners

• Helps to identify the gaps and weak students who are given remediation.

• Subject Teacher groups are formed for all subjects at Elementary, Secondary &Sr. Secondary level.

• It is based on use of available digital resources to teachers at home/school for creating E content.

• Accessible to all Teachers, Students of respective classes.

• Teachers, Head of School and Monitoring Teams track the attendance of students and progress.

• Evaluation of the Teaching Learning chapter wise is done by online Google form.

Delhi

For students of KG to Class VIII (5.74 lakh students Approx)

• Daily subject agnostic generic activities (in three cohorts ie KG to 2nd, 3rd to 5th and 6th to 8th).

• Happiness activities (KG to 8th).

• Online Happiness Class for family daily at 4 pm conducted by teachers of DoE

• Mission Buniyaad Activities (class 3rd to 8th).

For students of classes IV to XII

• Live online classes are being conducted for students who appeared in class XI Exam (1.65 lakh approx) and are waiting their results and almost 1.33lakh willing students have enrolled for such classes .(more than 35 thousand are attending live session as on date)

• For students of class 9th, current & previous session (4.5 lakh student approx.) online classes would be starting in June in partnership with Khan Academy.

• Students of classes 9th to 12th are attending online Entrepreneurship Mindset Activities.

• Class 10th and 12th students (those who have appeared for the board exam this year) are attending online English and Personality Development Class.

• Online and SMS/IVR supported learning from home for children of Delhi Government schools – commenced on 2nd April and

formally concluded on 31st May (last activity on 4th June 2020)

• The campaign  “Parenting in the time of Corona” implemented by Mr. Arvind Kejriwal, the Chief Minister of Delhi on 4th April 2020 giving a call of “Every home a school, every parent a teacher”.

• 5 programmes to support the learning of children across all classes of Delhi Government schools

• Live online classes: class 11

• Everyday English and personality development: classes 10 & 12

• Online Maths classes: class 9

• Digital Entrepreneurship Mindset class: classes 9 to 12

• Happiness, Mission Buniyaad and general activities through parents: KG to class 8

• “Online Happiness Class for family”: 15 sessions for parents and children together viewed on an average by 40,000 families

• About 9 lakh students and parents of Delhi Government reached.

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