A Career in Merchant Navy is one of the very much better in terms of career growth and aspirations, opportunity to earn money, travel around the world and have a taste of different cultures, food, festivals of various countries.
The primary function of the Merchant navy is to move goods from one country to another. It is the most essential component of the Cargo and Sipping Industry. More than 90% of goods are transported all over the world using container ships.
Merchant navy ships refer to civil ships engaged in cargo and/or passenger traffic. The grouping of merchant ships can be determined by, e.g., Maritime Traffic Areas, route, type of hull, type of machinery, type of cargo and type of ship, or the capacity also. Different types of ships can also be divided into subgroups.
A career in Merchant Navy India?
Ships carry passengers and cargo from one place to another, so they require to be loaded and tied properly and lots of skills and experience is required in order to navigate and control the whole massive cargo ships and since ships are made of steel and due to sailing in saltwater the ship needs to be maintained and inspected properly from time to time so that there will be no any failures.
Ships are like a floating small city, moved by huge diesel engines, generators that generate electricity, and several other types of machinery which are required for the day to day running of the ship, all these jobs were carried out by Marine Engineers and their teammates.
Merchant Navy is the backbone of international trade. The merchant ships employ a huge number of workers to carry and deliver goods from one country to another country so that the demands of consumers can be satisfied.
Merchant Navy career is not only a monetarily rewarding but also challenging job because here you have to deal with a number of critical situations within a single day, there were huge sea waves, poor weather, and other natural phenomena.
How to join Merchant Navy?
After 10th class
The few courses for Merchant navy that you can pursue after 10th include:
- Near Coastal Voyage (NCV)
- Diploma in Nautical Science (DNS)
- Commercial Diving
- G.P. Rating
After 12th class
The student must be passed from PCM in 12th standard so that he/she can take admission into an Engineering College and proceed further for higher studies.
The few Engineering specializations were mentioned below:
- B.Sc. Nautical Science
- B.E. Marine Engineering
- B.E. Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering
- B.E. Petroleum Engineering
- B.E. Mechanical Engineering
- B.E. Harbor & Ocean Engineering
- B.E. Civil Engineering
- B.E. Electrical & Electronics Engineering
- B.Sc. Marine Catering
- Electro-Technical Officer Course
There are only two high ranking profiles which is Navigating Officers and Engineers
Also Read- Career As Per Qualification
Academic and Health Requirements
If a candidate wants to work as a Navigating officer it needs to have the following qualification, either be a XIIth science student less than 22 years with PCM marks more than 60% marks or a BSc graduate with more than 60% in either PCM or Electronics but with Physics as a subject in any one year and the age should be less than 25 years. In both conditions, a student must have at least more than 50% marks in English in the XIIth standard. Candidate must have good mental and physical health and should meet the health test before going to ship.
Pre Sea Training
Before the cadet is sent to board the ship, the cadet needs to undergo a 1-year pre-sea training in any Maritime training institute for learning all the basics of Marines. The tuition fee of the pre-sea training has to be paid by the candidate.
Duties of Navigating Officer
The job of Navigating officer is quite challenging because the officer needs to look up in all the essential areas whether in case of a storm or any other problem. Here are the few duties which the officer delivers
- Using a range of satellite and radar systems and equipment to navigate the ship
- Updating navigational charts, keeping them updated, making passage plans
- Tracing the weather and reports of navigation and taking proper action
- Taking care of the safe loading, storage, and unloading of the cargo at the port
- Supervision of the deck crew
- Maintenance of the ship’s hull, cargo gears, and other accommodations
- Directing line handlers, cargo watches, directing anchor detail and training the life-saving appliances
- Supervising for the operation and maintenance of deck machinery, e.g. winches and cranes, etc.
- Managing ship communication systems
- Monitoring and maintaining safety, fire-fighting and life-saving equipment
- Overseeing the ship to ensure that the highest levels of health and safety are maintained
- Maintaining legal and operational records, e.g. the ship’s log
- Keeping updated with developments in maritime legal, commercial, and political matters.
Academic and Health Requirements
To go on board as an Engineer it needs to be B.E. in Mechanical Engineering with at least 60% marks and the age should be less than 28 years and must have more than 50% marks in English in its XIIth class irrespective of their Boards.
Pre Sea Training
Before a Trainee, Marine Engineer is sent on a ship it has to undergo a 1-year pre-sea
training in a Maritime training institute. The tuition fee for such training has to be submitted by the candidate.
Duties of Marine Engineer
- Commanding the other crew which are in the operation and maintenance of the machinery and other electrical equipment
- Managing the power, fueling and distribution systems
- Repairing and upgrading systems and equipment, e.g. air compressors, pumps, and sewage plants
Why choose the Merchant Navy as a Career?
The few reasons why you must make a career in the Merchant Navy:
- An Exciting and Adventurous profession.
- Excellent salary structure
- Financial stability
- Chances to see the world and interact with lots of people from different countries.
- Long vacations, where you can give uninterrupted attention to your family members and indulge
- in various hobbies.
- Excellent accommodation and food onboard ships.
- No expenses were charged for lodging or food while onboard a ship.
- All the essential commodities were provided by the hiring Company
Merchant Navy Institutes in India
Some institutes are mentioned below:
- C.V. Raman College of Engineering Bhubaneswar
- AMET University of Chennai
- Chennai School of Ship Management Chennai
- Chidambaram Institute of Maritime Technology Chennai
- CMC Maritime Academy Chennai
- Cosmopolitan Technology of Maritime Chennai
- HIMT College Hindustan Institute Of Maritime Training
- Pre-Sea Training Centre Kalpakkam (Chennai)
- School of Seamanship and Nautical Technology (Tamil Nadu)
- Maritime Training Institute Mumbai
- Mumbai Maritime Training Institute Mumbai
- Mazagon Dock Limited. Mumbai
- Naval Maritime Academy West Mumbai
- OERC Academy Mumbai
- Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies Mumbai
- Seafarers Marine Institute Mumbai
- School of Synergic Studies Mumbai
- SCMS Maritime Training Institute Mumbai
- St. Xavier’s Technical Institute Mumbai
- Tolani Maritime Institute Mumbai
- Indian Maritime University (TS Chanakya) Navi Mumbai