Career in medicine

A career in medicine is a very rewarding, lucrative, and respected career option. As a doctor, you can take care of the health of people, which is a great social service. Doctors are looked upon as much-respected members of society. As a doctor, you can help sick people in achieving good health. you can prevent many illnesses and help create a healthier society.

There are various career opportunities where you complete your study of medicine. With the same background, you can enter into many related health fields.

There are many courses available for the specialization like:

  • Anesthetics
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatrics
  • Pathology
  • Surgery
  • Radiology
  • Trauma management
  • Orthopedics
  • Pharmacy
  • Orthopedics
  • ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)
  • Psychiatry

The demand for medical professionals is tremendously increasing with the unfortunate upsurge of diseases and ailments day by day.

Some basic skills required in this stream-

• Good memory and recollection ability.

• Service mentality, stamina and patience.

•  Strong concentration power, emotional stability and self confidence.

• Logical and analytical mind, decision-making ability, timely decisions, and self-motivation.

• Willingness to learn throughout their career.

• An amiable and sympathetic temperament.

• Good intelligence.

• A strong sense of responsibility.

• Manual and finger dexterity.

• Stamina and the ability to stand on their feet continuously at the time of surgery.

Career Opportunities

Some opportunities where you can shine at your own hard work

  • Doctor in government/private/Army hospitals.
  • Researcher
  • Professor/Dean in Medical College.
  • Pharmacist
  • Medical representatives
  • Pathologist
  • Physiotherapist
  • X-ray technician

Job Options

A lot of job options are available in this career. Sone of them are mentioned below

career in medicine
  • Physician
  • Surgeon
  • Neurologist
  • Dermatologist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Dentist
  • Paediatric
  • Cardiology

Also ReadCareer in engineering


  • Government hospitals
  • Private hospitals.
  • Nursing homes/clinics
  • Health departments.
  • Army, navy and air force, under the Ministry of Defence
  • Charitable institutions.
  • Medical colleges and training institutes
  • Research institutes
  • Industries
  • Clinical research centers
  • Self-employment: Dispensary, Clinic, Hospital.

Some courses after 12th class

As we know that there are various courses in this stream also. We have quoted the major courses below–

  • M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Eligibility: 12th with Biology
  • B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) Eligibility: 12th with Biology
  • B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery) Eligibility: 12th with Biology
  • B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) Eligibility: 12th with Biology

Courses after Graduation

M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) Eligibility: M.B.B.S. degree

M.S. (Master of Surgery) Eligibility: M.B.B.S. degree

D.M Eligibility: M.D. degree

M.Ch. Eligibility: M.S. degree

Specializations in the field of Medicine

Allergy and Immunology

The medical specialty of Allergy and Immunology focuses on the treatment of allergies which were caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites. These allergies also include sneezing due to dirt etc


Anesthesiology is a medical specialty that focuses on pain-killing drugs during surgery in the operating room. It includes relaxing the required muscles and tissues where the operation or surgery is needed to be performed and it is only given with a prescription in the form of injections.


The field focuses on the treatment, and prevention of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the skin like rashes, and other skin problems.

Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is similar to family medicine in that it includes primary care and basic healthcare management internal medicine typically does not include pediatrics or obstetrics, whereas family medicine often does. This medicine includes many more sub-specialties such as:

  • Cardiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Geriatric Medicine
  • Oncology and Hematology
  • Infectious Disease
  • Nephrology
  • Pulmonary Disease


Neurosurgery is a surgical specialty of medicine devoted solely to surgery of the brain.


Ophthalmology is the medical specialty focusing on the treatment of the eyes, and retina.


Pediatrics jobs are office-based, where routine physicals, immunizations, cough and colds, and “lumps and bumps” are handled frequently.


General surgeons perform a variety of abdominal and laparoscopic surgeries. Surgeons may also sub-specialize to focus on trauma surgery, vascular surgery, plastic surgery, or cardiac surgery.


Urology is the medical specialty involving diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the urinary tract as well as the male and female reproductive system.



National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) is one of the most important exams in India. The exam is like a gateway for securing the undergraduate admissions in top medical colleges of India as per the merit list of this exam.


National Eligibility Entrance Test for Post graduation (NEET-PG) is conducted by NBE. The purpose of the exam is to provide post-graduation admissions into several courses like MD/ MS to the charming aspirants.


All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi conducts AIIMS MBBS for the deserving aspirants to get the UG admissions. This is one of the most popular exams in India.


All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi is conducting the AIIMS PG exam annually for the students who want to take admissions into courses like MD/ MS/ DM/ MDS for higher studies.


Karnataka Examinations Authority conducts the Karnataka Common Entrance Test (KCET) annually. The KCET exam is the gateway to securing the admissions into medical and engineering courses as per their performance in this exam and the cut-off criteria also.


Delhi University Medical Entrance test conducts this exam annually by the Faculty of medical sciences, New Delhi. The exam plays a vital role for the aspirants who want to take UG admissions into the medical courses of Delhi University.


BHU MBBS exam is conducted by Banaras Hindu University so that the students can get higher knowledge in the field of medicine and applied science.


The Punjab Medical Entrance Test (PMET) is conducted by the Baba Farid University of Health Science for the medical students who want to pursue their career in medicine. This exam bridges the gap for securing the admissions into the courses like MBBS or BDS.


National Board of Exams is the conducting body of the Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE). Candidates who pursued their medical graduation from outside of India can attempt this exam and get a higher degree and can work in or outside India.

AIAPGET- National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the All India AYUSH Postgraduate Entrance Test.


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